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03/20/2012

Thesis Chapter 3 - Hand Washing To Reduce Cross infection Rates In My Practice Arena (Surgical Ward)


Hand Washing To Reduce Cross infection Rates In My Practice Arena (Surgical Ward)

Chapter 3

Methodology

 

Introduction

                This chapter discusses the research methods available for the clinical practice research and what is applicable for it to use. Likewise, the chapter presents how the research was implemented and how it came up with pertinent findings.  Moreover, this chapter also presents the various procedures and strategies in identifying the sources needed information on the identification of the humanitarian intervention in Africa. It specifies the research design that was followed, the process of data gathering and the data analysis method that would be use.

Method of Research to be used

            To be able to achieve the objective of this research, the author opts to consider case clinical practice research approach through qualitative analysis, to be able to show the descriptive method, Creswell (1994) have provided guidelines by stating that descriptive approach is conducted by gathering information regarding the present existing condition. The main objective of considering such approach is to characterize the nature of the situation as it happens at the time of the clinical practice research and to investigate the reason behind such condition.  The researcher opted to use this kind of research considering the desire of the researcher to obtain first hand data from the respondents so as to formulate rational and sound conclusions and recommendations for the clinical practice research.

The Research Design

            In essence, this clinical practice research, can be considered as a descriptive research with the objective of portraying an accurate profile of individual, situations or evens and also an extension to a piece of exploratory method (Robson, 2002; Saunders et al, 2003) Correspondingly, with this approach, it is essential to have a precise illustration of the phenomena on which the author wishes to gather data. (Saunders et al, 2003)

            The research that has been considered in this clinical practice research will solely based on qualitative approach. This enables an iterative and flexible finding.   During the gathering of the information, the design of methods is modified consistently based on the ongoing evaluation. This permits analysis of essential new aspects as it emerges from the original research plan.  This research model is more able than the conventional concepts to express states of unfinished knowledge regarding the continuous system (Benjamin, 1994).  In this regard, it can be said that qualitative analysis usually regarded to raw, descriptive data regarding programs or system, that is the hand washing programme and the individuals (healthcare providers) who took part or affected by this system or the one that use it.  

This clinical practice research aims on investigating how hand washing programme can be promoted in a surgical unit in Saudi Arabia to avoid HAI. Specifically, this clinical practice research will be conducted to be able to introduce the various hands washing programme in the setting and its benefits to the clinical practice. Consequently healthcare authorities and health stability will also be studied in this research paper to determine whether the hand washing programme will be effective or not.

Consequently, qualitative research is known as a multi-method in nature, which involves an interpretative, naturalistic approach to the research topic. This indicates that the qualitative approach considers thing in the natural settings, trying to attempting to make sense of, or understand and translate condition in terms of the meanings people bring to them. Correspondingly, qualitative approach use broad range of interconnected strategies which hopes on getting a better understanding of the subject matter.

Locating the Secondary Data Used

            Correspondingly, finding relevant secondary information requires two interlinked facets. The first one is determining if the data that a researcher looks for are available as secondary data, while the second stage is finding the precise data that is needed for the clinical practice research. (Saunders et al, 2003)

            For this clinical practice research, the researcher was able to ascertain that the pertinent data necessary for the fulfillment of the objectives of this research through the literature review that has been previously done. Through this materials, the researcher of this study has been able to gather full references to the sources of the needed data.  After the identification of the availability of the data, locating these data is also important. In this regard,  the researcher considers data from different internet journals, thesis, university papers and others.

Evaluating Secondary Data Sources (Validation of the Data)

As mentioned by Stewart and Kamins (1993), the consideration of secondary data is beneficial for a researcher since it an easily be evaluated in terms of suitability because it is already existing, hence. Much time can be saved. Naturally, the assessment of the potential secondary data is deemed essential before one integrates in his/her clinical practice research. In this clinical practice research, the researcher adopted the three-stage approach as provided by Saunders et al (2003, p. 205):

The first phase is the assessment of the overall suitability of the data to the research objectives. In this part, the research will give emphasis on the measurement of the validity and coverage which involved the assurance  that the data is wanted and can integrated in the research and also ensuring that sufficient information remain or the analysis to be consider once unwanted information have been deducted.

The second phase is evaluating precisely the suitability of the information which is needed to answer as well as meet the research objectives. In this phase, the research ensures of the reliability and validity of the secondary information by evaluating how it was previously collated, who are the sources and other factors. In addition, the researcher should also be careful not to commit biasness in terms of measurement which can happy in the deliberate distortion of data or modification in the way data are collated. Lastly, the author judged whether to use data based on the assessment of costs as well as benefits in comparison with the alternative materials.

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