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Participative or Imposed Budgeting Process in the Public Sector

Participative or Imposed Budgeting Process in the Public Sector


Participatory budgeting in public sector requires deliberation of democratic and decision-making.  This type of budgeting involves ordinary people  in decision making and  budget allocation. Participatory budgeting allows employees or people  to identify, discuss, and prioritize public spending projects, and gives them the authority  to make participate on the  decision process of the high ranking officials  with regards on  how the  money is going to spend.  It also involves important basic  principles  like community members should  identify spending priorities and select budget delegates.  Second,  the budget delegates  must develop specific spending proposals, with  the help from  people who  have deeper knowledge on the project. Third, the  community members  are required to vote on which proposals to fund and lastly,  the city or institution must be the one to  implement the top proposals.  According to various studies,  participatory budgeting leads to a  more  evenly distributed  public spending, it increases the quality of life of the public, as well as it    gives  satisfaction  to the people in terms of basic needs.  More than that, it shows  greater transparency and accountability  of the government, so as it  increases the  levels of public participation, most especially among the marginalized poorer  people.


Furthermore, in the participative budgeting process, the communication flows are important for both the highest authority and the people down the line. The opinions and views of the subordinates  as well as the  public employees  and the public matter in every budgeting decision.   The participatory budgeting gives tremendous importance and value  to the whole citizenry of the nation.  This type of budgeting approach  is most likely communicates a harmonious and solid   relationship  between  the public and the government officials, especially the highest authority.   This is  most efficient and effective way in  communicating with the  marginalized group of people in the country in order to  achieve the common  goals of the government, as well as to implement  and mandate the public on its law.

Correspondingly, a  participative budgetary approach gives participation to local government units  on budget planning and implementation.  This  communicates a sense of responsibility to the President  of the country, as well as  to share his or her knowledge in budgeting matters in the administration.  This also gives  the  cabinet members  a high level of performance and task to achieve the common goals of the administration; as well as the public is given   chances to take part in the budgeting plan and implementation in order to involve themselves 100 percent in the implementation of the government policies.      This type of budgeting  approach shows the joint effort of all the people in the community at large in every budget decision making.   Hence, the success or failure of their decision really depends on the participatory and  budgeting skills of all people involved.  

On the other hand,  imposed budgeting process involves mainly on the budgetary objectives of the policy makers.  The entire public tend to feel that they do not have nothing to do with the decision making in  any government unit.   The budgeting  goals are more likely for some individuals’ benefits and not for the entire citizenry. In this event, there are cases that the highest authority should decide by himself or herself in order to  address a very urgent or important issue.  And, due to urgency of the situation,   ordinary public employees and the public are  more likely not given any chances to participate on the budgeting process.  The administration, seemingly knows  what is right for the entire nation   even the down the line officials  are not given chances to participate and contribute their knowledge on the  planning and operations.


Furthermore, in the imposed  public budgetary process, the communication flows  only come from  top to the bottom.  It is only a one-way flow.  Top-down budgeting greatly concerns merely on the decision made by the highest level of  the administration through channels , this communicates the fact that the  policy makers in the higher positions are only needed for the decision-making. 


In the final note, the success of the public budget program greatly depends on how the budget is being developed, planned and implemented. The most successful public budget approach is where the policy makers can have an effective cost control responsibilities in preparing their own budgets which will be presented before the approval committee. The proper coordination and effective communication between the top management down the line   has great impact on the attainment of the success of every budgeting allocation.    The policy makers  have the participatory responsibility in order to determine the appropriate requirements in every department by the top officials. 



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