Growth of IT Sector in India: A Study of ICT Companies After Liberalization
Information technology (IT) has changed the way people conduct different aspects of life today. There are developments such as e-business or electronic business; e-commerce or electronic commerce; tele-medicine and e-learning or electronic learning which all show the impact of IT (Bretschneider, & Heintze, 2000). In India, it has benefited governments, business, education and many other sectors because of its efficiency, productivity and cost-effectiveness. It can also experience continuous improvements which would provide people with different and better tools to aid them in various areas in their lives.
The computer is one of the most widely used modern information technology devices in the world today. Companies and organisations need computers in order to manage data into an organised manner for the success of the business. Since the advent of IT, all nations from the most developed to the least developed now have equal opportunity to participate in an exchange of information, intelligence and opportunities. The use of computers has become a standard practice in business and educational settings in industrialised countries and they have realised the potential of IT to yield tangible benefits for them which is the reason why they have developed their own technologies. Moreover, India are beginning to see the advantages of having suitable information system (IS) in business, government and commercial enterprises after the event of liberalization.
Objectives of the Proposed Research Project
The research would tackle the growth of IT Sector in India, specifically the ICT companies after liberalisation. In general, this study aims to evaluate and analyse the growth of IT Sector in India.
The study also attempts to answer these minor research questions which emerged from the main research problem. They are as follows:
a. What is the current stance of ICT business in India
b. Are the citizens of India ready enough to handle the advancement brought by the ICT industry?
c. With respect to liberalisation, is the current practice of ICT businesses in India applicable to the current economic status of the said country?
Significance of the Problem and Justification of the Investigation
Since information technology is a widely used practice in most organizations today, no matter what size it is, it is important to know the distinction between the systems used for private and public organizations.
Research requires an organized data gathering in order to pinpoint the research philosophies and theories that will be included in the research, the methodology of the research and the instruments of data interpretation. In this study, the Research Process “Onion” will be utilized so that the findings of the study can be thoroughly established. The inner part of the onion describes the methodology portion whereas the outer part discusses the strategies that can be utilized in interpreting the results of the findings.
The research described in this document is partly based on quantitative research methods (Saunders, Lewis, & Thornhill, 2001). This permits a flexible and iterative approach. During data gathering the choice and design of methods are constantly modified, based on ongoing analysis. This allows investigation of important new issues and questions as they arise, and allows the investigators to drop unproductive areas of research from the original research plan.
This study also employs qualitative research method, since this research intends to find sound evidence. These qualitative elements does not have standard measures, rather they are behaviour, attitudes, opinions, and beliefs.
The primary source of data will come from a survey conducted by the researcher among randomly selected employees of 10 IT companies. The primary data frequently gives the detailed definitions of terms and statistical units used in the study. These are usually broken down into finer classifications.
The secondary sources of data will come from published articles from information technology management journals, theses and related studies on information systems. Acquiring secondary data are more convenient to use because they are already condensed and organized. Moreover, analysis and interpretation are done more easily.
Bretschneider, S & Heintze, T 2000, ‘Information technology and restructuring in public organizations: Does adoption of information technology affect organizational structures, communications and decision making?’, Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 801-810.
Saunders, M, Lewis, P & Thornhill, A 2001, Research methods for business students, 3rd edn, Prentice Hall, London.